Unfold The Adventure Of Wildlife


Madhumalai Wildlife Sanctuary


Location :   Karnataka , Kerala, Tamilnadu
Nearest Access :   Mysore & Ooty (80-kms)
Main Wildlife Found :   Asian Elephants and Gaurs
Coverage Area :   321-sq-kms

About Madhumalai Wildlife Sanctuary

General Information
Area :32,155 hectares
Altitude 350-1,266 m above sea level
Maximum Temperature 24.30C
Minimum Temperature 4.80C
Best Time to Visit June to September and October to December
STD Code 0423 (Ooty)

MudumalaiWildlife Sanctuary & National Park is situated at the tri-junctionof the three southern states of Tamilnadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. It coversan area of 321 Sq. Km. comprising of pristine tropical wilderness. Theplace is rich in its bio-diversity especially the avifauna (Birds).  
   It is included as part of the Nilgiri Bio-sphere reserve which is the firstof its kind to be declared as a bio-sphere reserve in the country. A varietyof habitats ranging from Tropical Evergreen forest, Moist mixed decidious,Moist Teak forest, Dry teak forest, Secondary grass lands, Shrubs and Swampsexists here. The bird diversity in these habitats is unbelievably richand is a welcoming place for bird watchers from far and wide. This parkharbours over 200 species of birds from 48 families and is one of the richestbird areas in the State of  Tamilnadu. Some of the rarely seen Birdsof prey like the Rufous bellied hawk eagle can be occasionally seen inthis sanctuary. Nights are fascinating especially during the month of April,when the whole sanctuary is illuminated with millions of glow worms. Theentire sanctuary can be covered by car or on trained elephants providedby the Forest Department on hire. The best season to visit the sanctuaryis during March-June.

Mudumalai wildlife reserve is a continuation of the Bandipur National Park. The river Moyar that flows along the border or Tamil Nadu and Karnataka separates the two. The Mysore - Ooty highway runs through the park. The 321 sq. km. reserve is situated in Tamil Nadu.

Mudumalali wildlife reserve was the first sanctuary in south India. The terrain is extremely varied with hills, valleys, ravines, watercourses and swamps. The vegetation comprises of tropical moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and scrub forests. Compared to the nearby reserves, the climate is warmer in Mudumalai.

Langur, bonnet macaque, tiger, leopard, wild dog, hyena, jackal, sloth bear, elephants, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, Indian muntjac, mouse deer, wild boar, rodent and flying squirrel are part of the wildlife in Mudumalai. It has a rich bird life that includes Malabar trogan, Grey hornbill, crested hawk eagle, crested serpent eagle, etc.

The best time to visit the reserve is from February to June. The sanctuary can be reached by road. The nearest railway station is Udakamandalam. The nearest airport is Coimbatore. Accommodation can be arranged at forest rest house, guesthouses at Masinagudi, Kargudi, Abhayaranyam and Theppakkadu.

Flora(Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary)
The vegetation is quite varied in this region. The hilly terrain of the Western Ghats, clothed in dense mixed and moist deciduous forests, make Mudumalai (the ancient hills) a most attractive wildlife reserve. Bamboos (Bambusa Arundinacea) Natural teak (Tectona Grandis), Anogeissus latifolia, Terminalia, Crenulata/Terminalia Tomontosa, Grewia, and blooming trees like Indian Labumusum, Aredesia, Solanancea are some of the flora.

Fauna(Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary)
The fauna include Elephants, Gaur, Banner, Macaque, Common Langur, Tigers, Leopards, Chital, Panther, Sloth Bear, Python, Barking Deer, Four Horned Antelope, Otter, Crocodiles (Mugger), Giant Flying Squirrel, Sambar, Hyena, Wild Dog, Wild Boar, Mouse Deer, Spotted Deer, Jackal, Hare, Porcupine and Mongoose.

The birds listed in this sanctuary are Peacock-our National bird, Grey Jungle Fowl, Red Spur Fowl, Grey Partridge Quails, Goggle Eyed Plower, Malabar Whistling Thrush, Large
Racket-Tailed Dronge, The Magpie-robin, Spotted Babbler, Small Green Barbet, Green Pigeons, Brown Dove, Malabar Grey Hornbill, Bulbuls, Mynahs, etc. Among birds of prey, Eagles, Hawks, Buzzards, Harriers, Falcons and King Vulture are predominant, besides some migratory water birds.

TOURIST INFORMATION(Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary)
Facilities: Vehicles on hire and Elephant safari

Air: The nearest airport is at Coimbatore, 160-km away.
Rail: The sanctuary is located at a distance of 65-km from Udhagamandalam railway station and 95-km from Mysore station.
Road: Gudalur (16-km) is the nearest town to the sanctuary, which is situated along the Udhagamandalam - Mysore highway. This sanctuary could be reached from Mysore as well. There are regular buses from Udhagamandalam, Mysore and the neighbouring towns to the sanctuary.

WHERE TO STAY(Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary)
Within the sanctuary is an elephant camp called "Theppakkadu", where there is a rest house. Accommodation is also available at TTDC's Youth Hostel and rest houses in Masinagudi, Abhayaranayam and Kargudi and the Bamboo Banks Farm that is 18-km away.



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